Politics and Elections

The Armenian Genocide: Recognition, status and the maps

By: Vibor Cipan Published on: April 25, 2021, and filed under Politics and elections Tagged by: , , , , , , , , , , ,
  • The Armenian Gencide started on April 24, 1915 and continued until 1923
  • Around 1.5 million of Armenians perished with 500.000 being deported or Islamized
  • Turkey and Azerbaijan are the only nations in the world activley denying the Armenian Genocide
Map of countries in Europe, Russia and Turkey and their status of Armenian Genocide recognition.

Often called the first Genocide of the 20th century, the Armenian Genocide was a series of mass massacres and forced deportation of Armenians committed by the Ottoman Empire and the Young Turks Government from 1915 and until 1923.

Background

Before the Genocide, around 2 million Armenian people inhabited the areas of the weakened Ottoman Empire. Between 1915 and 1923, roughly 1.5 million Armenians perished, and the rest of 500.000 were either deported or Islamized.

April 24, 1915, marked the start of the Armenian Genocide. First, there was an arrest, deportation, and murder of hundreds of Armenian intellectuals and community leaders, mostly from what is now known as Istanbul (then called Constantinople).

Mehmed Talat Pasha, a de facto Ottoman Empire leader during World War I, ordered mass deportations of 800.000 to 1.2 million Armenians (primarily women, children, and elderly), sending them on death marches to the Syrian desert.

The Armenian Genocide resulted in the destruction of once strong and influential Armenian civilization in easter parts of Asia Minor. Together with the expulsion of Syriac and Greek (Orthodox) Christian, these acts laid the foundations for the creation of a Turkish national state.

The first traces of Armenians inhabiting the Anatolia area are documented since the 6th century BCE – almost 2.000 years before Turkish presence in the area.

Recognition status

Today, the Genocide is recognized by numerous organizations, national and local governments, and many political parties, academics, and organizations.

In April 2021, the United States and President Joe Biden formally recognized the Genocide. Today, 32 countries have officially recognized the Genocide.

The first country to officially recognize the Armenian Genocide was Uruguay (on April 20, 1965). Even before that, on January 25, 1965, Foreign Minister of Cyprus, Spyros Kyprianou, first raised the issue of the Armenian Genocide to the General Assembly of the United Nations. On April 24, 1975, Cyprus became the first European nation to recognize the Armenian Genocide. Cyprus continues to support Armenia and its political and economic stability and actively commemorates the Armenian Genocide.

Such strong involvement of the Cypriot government is understandable, especially since Turkey invaded Cyprus and proclaimed the so-called Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (recognized only by Turkey). Cyprus commemorates the Armenian Genocide remembrance day. Also, there are two genocide memorials in Cyprus.

Organizations and parties such as are United Nations, Council of Europe, Human Rights League, La Francophonie, European Parliament, and the European People’s Party ( EPP) recognized or acknowledged the realities of the Armenian Genocide.

Although Turkey is formally negotiating with the EU to join the block, the formal recognition of the Genocide is not up as a precondition.

To this day, Turkey and its ally Azerbaijan are the only two countries in the world formally denying the Genocide. The official Turkish view (and the view of Turkish Foreign politics) is based on a belief that the Genocide was a legitimate state action and, as such, is not challengable or either moral or legal grounds.

Map of the countries recognizing the Armenian Genocide

Armenian Genocide recognition gained new momentum when, on April 24, 2021, President Joe Biden and the White House officially recognized the Genocide, mass killings, and the massacre of Armenians.

European countries, Russian and Turkey – map and status of recognition of the Armenian Genocide

Map of countries in Europe, Russia and Turkey and their status of Armenian Genocide recognition.
Map of countries in Europe, Russia and Turkey and their status of the Genocide recognition.

The World map and status of recognition of the Armenian Genocide

Map of the world and the status of Armenian Genocide recognition globally..
Map of the world and the status of the Genocide recognition globally.

List of the countries recognizing the Armenian Genocide

CountryRecognizedRemarks
Argentina1993, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2015
Armenia1988As the Armenian SSR
Austria2015
Belgium1998, 2015
Bolivia2014
Brazil2015
Bulgaria2015
Canada1996, 2002, 2004, 2006
Chile2007, 2015
Cyprus1975, 1982, 1990The first European country
Czechia2017, 2020
France1998, 2001
Germany2005, 2016
Greece1996
Italy2000, 2019
Libya2019Interim administration, the only African country
Lithuania2005
Lebanon1997, 2000
Luxembourg2015
Netherlands2004, 2015, 2018
Paraguay2015
Poland2005
Portugal2019
Russia1998, 2005, 2015
Slovakia2004
Sweden2010
Switzerland2003
Syria2015, 2020
United States2019, 2021Most recent recognition (April 24, 2021)
Uruguay1965, 2004, 2015The first country to recognize the genocide
Holy See (Vatican)2000, 2015
Venezuela2005