Wednesday, August 21
A anside view of the EU parliament - Photo by Frederic Köberl on Unsplash

The Final and Complete Results of 2019 EU Elections in Croatia

Croatia has spoken. HDZ, SDP winning 4 seats, each. MOST gets nothing, Kolakušić surprises with one seat.
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Key information

  • EU elections in Croatia voter turnout up by 4.62 pp, at 29.86%
  • HDZ wins four seats, same as SDP
  • MOST left hanging with zero chairs won
  • Surprises by Kolakušić and "Suverenisti"
  • "Amsterdamska Coalition" and "Živi zid" winning one seat, each

Introduction and turnout at EU elections in Croatia

Croatia is the EU's newest member joining the Union on July 1, 2013. For the third time in six years, elections for the European Parliament took place in Croatia. EU elections in Croatia brough increased voter turnout and a number of surprises.

Voter turnout was better than in previous years. Out of 3,696,907 eligible voters, 1,103,551 voted. Making for 29.86% national turnout.

Back in 2014 voter turnout was lower at 25.12% with 950,980 voters taking part in the election process. The total number of eligible voters was still well above 3 million at 3,767,343 voters. As a result, voter turnout was one of the lowest in the European Union. Only Slovenia (24.55%), Poland (23.83%) and Slovakia (13.05%) had lower turnouts.

This increased turnout in 2019 seemed to follow a trend in the EU in general. In the EU, as a whole, 50.95% of citizens voted – marking it the highest participation in the last 20 years – up by 8.34% since the previous elections in 2014.

Turnout per cities and municipalities

Noticeable regional differences characterized this election in Croatia. While the overall turnout was higher, this average does not paint a complete picture.

The highest turnout was recorded on the Island of Mljet with 56.57% registered voters (616 out of 1089) casting their ballots. On the flip side, the lowest turnout was recorded in Štitar with only 13.67% voters (257 out of 1880) giving their votes. Interestingly, the second lowest turnout was recorded in Gunja municipality, fairly close to Štitar, both in the Slavonia region of Croatia.

The results of 2019 EU elections in Croatia, per municipality, voter turnout

The results of 2019 EU elections in Croatia, per municipality, voter turnout

Highest turnout

MunicipalityTurnout %VotersEligible votersCountyWinner
Mljet56.576161,089Dubrovnik-NeretvaHDZ
Rakovec56.39547970ZagrebM. Petir
Ervenik55.82417747Šibenik-KninSDSS
Lovas51.12480939Vukovar-SrijemHDZ
Biskupija51.046651,303Šibenik-KninSDSS

Lowest turnout

MunicipalityTurnout %VotersEligible votersCountyWinner
Štitar13.672571,880Vukovar-SrijemHDZ/EPP
Gunja14.464693,243Vukovar-SrijemHDZ/EPP
Donja Voća15.343212,093VaraždinReformisti
Civljane16.4639237Šibenik-KninSDSS
Polača16.752661,588ZadarHDZ

EU elections in Croatia – the results

Croatia has 11 seats in the EU parliament – a number that will grow to 12 once the UK finally leaves the Union.

HDZ and SDP win most of the seats

The ruling center-right party, HDZ (Croatian democratic union/Hrvatska demokratska zajednica) won the majority of the popular vote with 244,076 votes (22.72%) – giving it four seats. To a much surprise, the main opposition party, center-left SDP (Social-democratic party/Socijaldemokratska partija) won the same number of seats with 200.976 votes (18.71%). Most pre-election polls gave SDP three spots – with only two surveys by 2×1 komunikacije (one on April 30 and the other from May 23) predicting them four seats. While the HDZ's result is considered to be a failure (the party expected at least 5, possibly even six places), SDP greeted its fours seats as a surprisingly good result. Notably because in 2014 elections, SDP secured only two seats at the EU parliament.

Croatian Sovereignists win one, MOST disappoints with zero

The Croatian Sovereignists (Suverenisti) coalition (right-wing) won 1 place with 91,546 votes (8.52%). Their success was also somewhat unexpected – at least according to polls. Out of 20 surveys (from November 23, 2018, until May 24, 2019), only 8 of them gave one seat at the EU parliament. For comparison, a widely expected place for MOST (Bridge of Independent Lists) never materialized. Although, 19 out of 20 polls predicted them to win one place.

Kolakušić surprises public, Živi zid and Amsterdam Coalition tied with one seat won

Probably the biggest surprise was the result of Mislav Kolakušić's independent list. A former judge, running as an independent, received 84,765 votes (7.89%) – enough for one place in the EU parliament.

Human Shield (Živi zid), a syncretic, populist, anti-establishment party, came in fifth winning 60,847 votes. That is just above the national threshold of 5% – winning 5.66% votes and a single place in the EU parliament. All polls predicted them to have at least one seat – with 5 out of 20 predicting them two positions.

Lastly, Amsterdam Coalition (Amsterdamska koalicija) tallied 55,806 votes (5.19%) in just barely winning their seat.

Results of EU elections in Croatia per municipalities

The following map depicts results for all Croatian municipalities.

The results of 2019 EU elections in Croatia, per municipality, relative winners

The results of 2019 EU elections in Croatia, per municipality, relative winners

Summary of 2019 EU election results in Croatia

Party/CoalitionEU partyPopular votes%Seats won
HDZEPP244,07622.724
SDPPES200,97618.714
SovereignistsECR/ECPM91,5468.521
M. KolakušićNI84,7567.891
Živi zidEFDD60,8475.661
Amsterdam CoalitionALDE55.8925.191
MOST-50.2574.670
M. PetirEPP47.3584.400
NHR-HSP-46.9704.370
SDSS-28.5972.660

Compare elections results and voter turnout

Interactively explore the map of Croatia. Cmpare turnout rates with the results of the election down to the municipality level. Just drag the slider left or right and have fun.

The results of 2019 EU elections in Croatia, per municipality, voter turnoutThe results of 2019 EU elections in Croatia, per municipality, relative winners

Conclusion

With turnout reaching an all-time high for Croatia's EU elections (at 29.86%), Croatia joined the general EU trend of increased turnout for the 2019 EU Parliament elections.

Two major parties, HDZ (EPP, center-right) and SDP (EPS, center-left) both won four seats. The majority of polls suggested three places for SDP and five, even, six seats for HDZ.

Read our in-depth analysis of HDZ vs. SDP election results rundown.

MOST was not able to gather enough votes for the single seat, while two surprises – "Suverenisti" and M. Kolakušić – each earned one position the EU parliament. Anti-establishment and syncretic party Živi zid won one place, same as Amsterdam Coalition (ALDE, liberals).

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