Politics and Elections

Highest temperatures in Europe: A map and list of records

By: Vibor Cipan Published on: June 20, 2021, and filed under Climate and weather Tagged by: , , , , , , ,
  • The highest temperature ever in Europe was 48.0 °C (Greece, July 10, 1977)
  • Iceland's record high was just 30.5 °C
  • Ireland and Iceland never recorded temperatures above 35 °C - Irish record is 33.3 °C
The map of Europe with record high temperatures for every country

The first day of summer in 2021 in the northern hemisphere is on June 21 at 3:32 UTC. Marking that day, here is the map and list of the highest temperature records in Europe.

What are the highest temperatures recorded in European countries?

 

UPDATE #1: Potentially a new European record has been set on August 11 in Italy. If confirmed by the WMO, it will replace Athens. Read more about this.

UPDATE #2: Spain hits the new highest temperature record, set on August 14, a confirmed two days later.

 

At the moment of writing this article (June 2021), large parts of southern and central Europe are experiencing a heatwave. Temperatures are expected to hit 37 °C- 39 °C in some areas. While this heatwave will likely set no new highest temperature records in this heatwave, it is a good moment to explore the highest recorded temperatures in Europe.

Officially, according to the WMO, the highest temperature ever recorded in Europe was 48.0 °C recorded in Greece (Athens) on July 10, 1977. Coincidently, July 10 is the anniversary of the highest temperature ever recorded on Earth.

Map also shows the temperature of 49 °C recorded in Turkey – however, since this temperature was recorded in the Asian part of Turkey, it is not considered a European record.

The map of Europe with record high temperatures for every country
The map of Europe with record high temperatures for every country

Southern Europe dominates the map

As expected, southern Europe tops the list of highest temperatures recorded in Europe. From Europe’s record in Greece, all the way to 47.4 °C in Portugal, 47.4 °C in Spain (set on August 14, 2021), 47.0 °C in Italy and 46 °C in southern France – this part of our continent can be scorching hot.

Balkan countries

Balkan countries also get some hot summers. Bosnia and Herzegovina tops the list with the record from Mostar set on July 31, 1901, measuring 46.2 °C. North Macedonia is a close second with 45.7 °C, followed by Bulgarian record of 45.2 °C. Serbia was just 0.1 °C ahead of its southern neighbor Montenegro where record temperatures of 44.8 °C were recorded in at least two situations. The first time in Podgorica (August 16, 2007) and then five years later (August 8, 2012) in Danilovgrad.

Albania‘s record is at 44.8 °C, with its northern neighbor Kosovo stands at 42.0 °C.

Central Europe

Being at the crossroads of Meditteranean (Southern Europe) and Central Europe, Croatia holds the highest temperature recorded in this region. Its national record of 42.8 °C was recorded in Ploče on August 5, 1981. All other countries from this region also have their highs above 40 °C – from 41.9 °C in Hungary to 40.2 in Poland.

Eastern Europe

Russia tops the list (its European part) with a recorded high of 45.4 °C. That is 0.9 °C above the Romanian national record of 44.5 °C. Belarus is the only country in this region with its national record below 40 °C – standing at 38.9 

Baltics and Nordics

As expected, milder highest temperature records are expected in this region. Iceland, truly a land of ice, has the lowest record in Europe with its record high reaches 30.5 °C – that is 17.5 °C colder than Europe’s record from Greece. The highest temperature recorded in this region is from Sweden. There have been at least two occasions when Sweden recorded 38.0 °C as the highest temperature ever. The first time it happened was on July 9, 1933 (Ultuna), and the second time was on June 29, 1947, in Målilla.

Western Europe

Owing to the effects of the Atlantic ocean and milder climate, Ireland‘s record is 33.3 °C – making it the only second country in Europe (after Iceland) with the highest temperature ever recorded not reaching over 35 °C.

The UK stands at 38.7 °C while all Belenux countries have their record highs above 40 degrees – from 41.8 °C in Belgium to 40.7 in the Netherlands. Neighbouring Germany boasts 41.2 °C as their recorded high, only 0.3 °C lower than Switzerland‘s national record standing at 41.5 °C.

Table of highest temperatures recorded for European countries

 

COUNTRYTEMPERATURELOCATIONDATE
Albania43.9 °C (111.0 °F)Kuçovë18 July 1973
Andorra39.4 °C (102.9 °F)Borda Vidal28 June 2019
Armenia43.7 °C (110.7 °F)Meghri1 August 2011
Azerbaijan46.0 °C (114.8 °F)Julfa & Ordubad
Austria40.5 °C (104.9 °F)Bad Deutsch-Altenburg8 August 2013
Belarus38.9 °C (102.0 °F)Gomel7 August 2010
Belgium41.8 °C (107.2 °F)Begijnendijk25 July 2019
Bosnia and Herzegovina46.2 °C (115.2 °F)Mostar31 July 1901
Bulgaria45.2 °C (113.4 °F)Sadovo5 August 1916
Croatia42.8 °C (109.0 °F)Ploče5 August 1981
Cyprus46.2 °C (115.2 °F)Nicosia4 September 2020
Czech Republic40.4 °C (104.7 °F)Dobřichovice20 August 2012
Denmark36.4 °C (97.5 °F)Holstebro10 August 1975
Estonia35.6 °C (96.1 °F)Võru11 August 1992
Finland37.2 °C (99.0 °F)Joensuu Airport29 July 2010
France46.0 °C (114.8 °F)Vérargues & Hérault28 June 2019
Georgia40.5 °C (104.9 °F)Tbilisi?? July 2018
Germany41.2 °C (106.2 °F)Duisburg-Baerl & Tönisvorst25 July 2019
Greece48.0 °C (118.4 °F)Athens10 July 1977
Hungary41.9 °C (107.4 °F)Kiskunhalas20 July 2007
Iceland30.5 °C (86.9 °F)Teigarhorn22 June 1939
Ireland33.3 °C (91.9 °F)Kilkenny Castle26 June 1887
Italy47.0 °C (116.6 °F)Foggia25 June 2007
Latvia37.8 °C (100.0 °F)Ventspils4 August 2014
Lithuania37.5 °C (99.5 °F)Zarasai30 July 1994
Luxembourg40.8 °C (105.4 °F)Steinsel25 July 2019
Malta43.8 °C (110.8 °F)Malta Int’l Airport9 August 1999
Moldova42.4 °C (108.3 °F)Fălești7 August 2012
Montenegro44.8 °C (112.6 °F)Podgorica & Danilovgrad16 Aug 2007, 8 Aug 2012
Netherlands40.7 °C (105.3 °F)Gilze en Rijen25 July 2019
North Macedonia45.7 °C (114.3 °F)Demir Kapija24 July 2007
Norway35.6 °C (96.1 °F)Nesbyen20 June 1970
Poland40.2 °C (104.4 °F)Prószków29 July 1921
Portugal47.4 °C (117.3 °F)Amareleja1 August 2003
Romania44.5 °C (112.1 °F)Ion Sion10 August 1951
Russia (in Europe)45.4 °C (113.7 °F)Utta12 July 2010
San Marino40.3 °C (104.5 °F)Serravalle3 and 9 August 2017
Serbia44.9 °C (112.8 °F)Smederevska Palanka24 July 2007
Slovakia40.3 °C (104.5 °F)Hurbanovo20 July 2007
Slovenia40.8 °C (105.4 °F)Cerklje ob Krki8 August 2013
Spain47.4 °C (117.3 °F)Montoro14 August 2021
Sweden38.0 °C (100.4 °F)Ultuna & Målilla9 July 1933, 29 June 1947
Switzerland41.5 °C (106.7 °F)Grono11 August 2003
Turkey49.0 °C (120.2 °F)Cizre27 August 1961
Ukraine42.0 °C (107.6 °F)Luhansk12 August 2010
United Kingdom38.7 °C (101.7 °F)Cambridge25 July 2019
Vatican City40.7 °C (105.3 °F)Vatican City2 August 2017

While the best effort was made to check the data and temperature values, there might be some errors. Therefore, in case you notice an error, feel free to reach out and let me know – shout at me on Twitter – I am happy to update the maps.